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Incontinence - Loss of Bladder or Bowel Control (LOBC)

LOBC - Simply when an individual can no longer control elimination. It’s not a disease itself, but it can be a symptom of disease, as well as a side effect of different medications, diet and nutrition habits or lifestyle changes. Millions of people experience incontinence, and with the right products, treatment and information, they overcome its symptoms every day. The first step toward managing incontinence is visiting your physician and learning about which type of LOBC you’re experiencing, and your options for treatment. For more information about that process, check out this video we created to simplify the different types and their treatments. Once you and your doctor have determined the type of incontinence you are experiencing, you can begin to manage the symptoms and get back to your life. There may be certain lifestyle elements that affect your LOBC, and it’s important to be aware and keep them under consideration.
Light Bladder Leakage - Stress Incontinence
    Light bladder leakage is associated with Stress Incontinence. Stress Incontinence is a common side effect of anxiety and pressure in our everyday lives, including emotional and physical strain. Any body movement that applies pressure on the bladder such as sneezing, coughing, laughing, or exercise can cause involuntary dribbles of urine.
Common Causes:
Strenuous physical activities
Pregnancy and childbirth
Pelvic surgery and trauma
Loss of muscle tone
Enlarged prostate
Shift in hormonal balance with women
Moderate & Frequent Bladder Leakage
Urge Incontinence
    Urge incontinence is associated with an Overactive Bladder (OAB). Spontaneous bladder spasms and contractions result in the frequent and sudden need to urinate. Frequent, strong and sudden urges happen with not enough time to make it to the bathroom.
Common Causes:
Shift in hormonal balance with women
Urinary tract infection and cancer
Bladder stimulants & irritants such as alcohol, caffeine and carbonated drinks
Medications such as sedatives, cold medicines and high blood pressure medicines
Nerve dysfunction associated with trauma, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, Alzheimer’s, Parkinsonism, etc.
Mixed Incontinence
    Mixed Incontinence is a combination of the symptoms of stress incontinence and overactive bladder. It is important to note that when one is intentionally urinating frequently to try to prevent stress-related leakage: it can result in the shrinking of the bladder, limiting its ability to hold enough urine. Depending upon the symptoms, the causes of mixed incontinence are consistent with the types that are preset.
Common Causes:
Mixed incontinence occurs when symptoms of both stress and urgency types of incontinence are present
Heavy Bladder Leakage

Reflex Incontinence
    Reflex Incontinence happens when traumas to the body can occasionally result in the frequent loss of urine with little to no warning. Hence it is difficult to tell if you need to go to the bathroom.
Common Causes:
Spinal cord injuries
Brain tumors


Overflow Incontinence
    Overflow Incontinence results in the feeling of a full bladder. One fails to sense a full bladder because of nerve damage and thus does not empty the bladder. Constant dribbling of urine is a frequent symptom. There is increased frequency and urgency to urinate.
Common Causes:
Blockage of the natural passageway of urine resulting from:
Bladder injury
Radical pelvic surgery
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH)
Nerve damage from diabetes
A narrowing of the urethra

Functional Incontinence 
    Functional Incontinence occurs when the urinary system may work well, but factors outside the urinary tract, such as immobility or cognitive impairment, can prevent a person from getting to a bathroom in time.
Common Causes:
Functional disability and psychological impairment
Physical and mental disabilities, such as immobility or cognitive impairments
Environmental barriers, such as stairs, clothing, or wheelchair accessibility
Bowel Incontinence
    Bowel Incontinence, also referred to as fecal incontinence, is the inability to control the passage of liquid or solid stool from the rectum. Bowel incontinence can be present at any age and is found to be more common in the elderly population. Like urinary incontinence, bowel incontinence is not a normal part of aging. People with bowel incontinence often feel embarrassed and uncomfortable discussing with their healthcare provider. They often feel there is no assistance or treatment available to help with their problem. Bowel incontinence often can be related to underlying medical conditions and treatment options are available.
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