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Graduated Compression Stockings - How they work

 
  
HOW GRADUATED COMPRESSION WORKS
How does graduated compression therapy help with the management of venous problems?
How does graduated compression therapy help with the management of venous problems? As a person walks, the contraction and relaxation of the calf muscles around the veins aid in moving blood toward the heart. The external graduated compression of Medical socks and stockings acts as a layer of muscle by gently squeezing the stretched vein walls together, allowing the valves to close. The cavity of the vein is reduced, thereby restoring blood flow to a normal state and aiding overall circulation.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
To be most effective, the socks or stockings should be put on at the start of your day and removed before you go to bed. Some people have an inherited weakness of the vein walls or valves which creates additional challenges to venous return. Wearing medical graduated compression socks or stockings is vital for the prevention and treatment of varicose veins and other circulatory problems.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anti-Embolism vs. Medical Compression Stockings
The biggest difference between Anti-Embolism Stockings and Medical Compression Stockings is the compression level and the medical reason for which it is worn. Anti- Embolism Stockings are usually 8–18mmHg, while medical compression stockings are a medically-measured 15–20mmHg or higher. In addition, the purpose of anti-embolism stockings is to maintain normal venous return in a bedridden patient.
MEDICAL Compression Hosiery and Socks are used to treat venous and lymphatic disorders in ambulatory patients. Graduated compression stockings are used for all stages of Chronic Venous Insufficiency, including varicose veins, edema, stasis skin changes and venous procedures. They may also be used in preventing and treating Post-Thrombotic Syndrome. According to medical research, ambulatory patients with Chronic Venous Disorders require more compression than is available in anti-embolism stockings.
 A Simple Rule of Thumb:
If the patient is laying in the bed = anti-embolism stockings
If the patient is ambulatory = medical graduated compression stockings
DVT
DVT [deep vein thrombosis] is a blood clot that usually forms in the deep veins of the lower leg, or calf which can block the flow of blood. A DVT may cause leg pain or swelling, but can also present with no symptoms. DVT is not usually life threatening, but it can be if the blood clot breaks loose and goes into the lungs. This is known as a pulmonary embolism (PE).
Wearing compression stockings or socks reduces the risk of DVT
Why graduated compression stockings? Your doctor may prescribe compression stockings because they provide a graduated pressure that is more firm at the bottom and becomes lesser at the top of the stocking or sock. This graduation aids in improved blood flow back to the heart because gravity and pressure make it difficult for the blood to flow in an upward direction.
Remember, DVT’s can be prevented and managed and when they are, the complications can be reduced or even eliminated! 
 For more about CalMedi's expertise in compression stockings please read  compression therapy in the resource centre section.
 Courtesy: Sigvaris.ca
thrombosis veins
vericose veins foot
weak veins
reflux flow vein circulation